A BRIEF HISTORY OF HEMP

rope, textiles and paper. Furthermore, the seed of the hemp plant contains highly nutritional oil which was not just used for human and animal consumption, but also as lamp oil and to make soap and paint. See outline of uses of Hemp in the 2 diagrams below

H

emp is one of the oldest crops improved by man. The history of hemp goes back thousands of years. The stalk of the hemp plant produces one of the strongest natural fibres in the world. It was used, for example, for making

HEMP VS COTTON

Our ancestors were well aware that hemp is warmer than cotton, more water absorbent than cotton, has three times the tensile strength of cotton, and is many times more durable than cotton. Fifty percent of all chemicals used in American agriculture today are used in cotton growing. Hemp requires no synthetic chemicals to grow and has very few weed or insect enemies. except for the U.S. government and the DEA, of course. Cotton is one of the most environmentally destructive agricultural crops, annually using over 275 million pounds of pesticides in the U.S. alone. This in addition to massive quantities of fertilizers, defoliants, growth regulators, and general biocides such as methyl

bromide. Conventional cotton refers to cotton grown with the aid of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, defoliants, and herbicides. Conventional cotton occupies only 3% of the world’s farmland yet demands fully 25% of the world’s chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Conventional cotton textile manufacturing involves bleaches, formaldehyde and other chemical finishes. These lead to chemical residues, which may result in skin irritation and respiratory problems. With children, these problems can persist well into their adult years.

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